One of the most important, influential and popular artists in the twentieth century is PabloPicasso, likewise known as Pablo Diego Jose Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno Maria de losRemedios Cipriano de la Santisima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso. He was one of Spain’s greatest and best-known artists and worked in several different mediums as he was a painter, print maker, potter, and sculptor. He was a co-founder of the Cubistmovement in art and the co-discoverer of the collageas used in modern art.
Picasso was born in Malaga, Spain and showed an extraordinary artistic talent in his early years. He was born into a middle class family and his father was a painter specializing in nature painting of birds and animals. Picasso’s father was also professor of art at the School of Crafts and a curator of a local museum in Malaga. At age seven Picasso began receiving formal artistic training from his father in figure drawing and oil painting. Picasso’s father reallized his son had surpassed him in artistic talent by the time Picasso was an adolescent.
Which leads us to….
Around this time, 1895, the Picasso family moved to Barcelona where his father became a professor at its School of Fine Arts. Pablo Picasso thrived at this school and even won a position in the advanced painting class at the age of thirteen. At age sixteen, Picasso’s father sent him to the Royal Academy of San Fernando in Madrid, Spain’s finest art school. Picasso disliked formal instruction and stopped attending classes. He hung out at the Prado Museum in Madrid and self-taught himself from the paintings of Diego Valazquez, Francisco Zubaran, and Francisco Goya. Picasso especially liked the paintings of El Greco and the elongated limbs and figures, vibrant colors, and mystical visages and this showed up in his later works.
In 1900, Picasso went to Paris to live because at the time Paris was the art capital of Europe and young and up-coming artists were living and painting there. Picasso divided his time between Paris and Barcelona before finally settling in Paris as his home during the dawn of the century. In 1905, Picasso met Leo and Gertrude Stein and he became one of ther favorites. They collected his works and they became Picasso’s patron of arts. Gertrude exhibited his paintings in her “salon" at her home in Paris and she helped to get Picasso started as an accepted artist in Paris. Picasso lived and worked in Montmartre and Montparnasse quarters of Paris, and frequented restaurants, the cafes, and art salons of the area. Picasso was married twice and had many love affairs and lovers until his seventies during his life in Paris. He had four children by three different women.
From 1900 to around 1907, Picasso went through his Blue and Rose Periods of painting. His paintings were somber and in shades of blue and blue-green during his Blue Period. He depicted gaunt mothers with children, prostitutes and beggars. La Vie (1903) is a painting that is a good illustration of Picasso’s Blue Period and today hangs in The Cleveland Museum of Art.
Picasso’s Rose Period is a more cheery style with orange and pink colors. He paints many circus people, acrobats and harlequins. During this time, Fernande Olivier, a model for sculptors and artists, was Picasso’s lover at the time and his paintings were influenced by his warm relationship with her. His paintings of this time were very cheerful and optimistic.
Guernica (1937) by Pablo Picasso Pablo Picasso, a Spanish artist, was a brillant genius who painted during the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth century and is credited with creating and painting in the Cubism period of modern art. But,…
In Cubism, objects are broken up, analyzed and reassembled in an abstracted form using many geometric shapes. The artist depicts the subject from a variety of viewpoints to represent the subject rather than only one viewpoint.
During the early twentieth century the European cultural elite were discovering African, Micronesian and Native American art for the very first time. In 1907, Picasso entered a new period in his work marked by influences of Greek, Iberian and African art.
Artists George Braque, Henri Matisse, Pablo Picasso, and Paul Gauguin met each other in Paris through Gertrude Stein and were the principal artists of the Cubism movement. The invention of Cubism was a collaborative effort of Picasso and Braque who were the major innovators in Montmartre, Paris. It was Pablo Picasso that was initially the force that got Braque to paint in the Cubist style. Cubism looked at the world during a detached and realistic spirit and this is found in Picasso’s Cubist paintings and sculptures. The paintings of this movements use monochrome brownish and neutral colors. Picasso took apart objects and “analyzed" them on the basis of their shapes-usually painting them in geometrical shapes.
Les Demoiselles d"Avignon, the painting by Pablo Picasso is regarded as one of the first Cubist paintings and the point of departure of Cubism. Picasso had been influenced by African art and tribal masks and created these shapes and forms in his paintings, especially this one.
Artists such as Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque popularized this style by painting forms in distorted versions. A look at their paintings reveal how these two geniuses cut up space in different planes to build a composition. The paintings of these artists show the usage of geometric shapes as well as the use of edges upon observation. These paintings aren’t based on the fundamental theories of art that make the employment of perspective with precise angles and shapes.
Cubism was further divided into two main branches-analytical cubism and synthetic cubism. Cubists who painted using the analytical style of cubism, basically analyzed and broke up natural forms into little cubes or other geometrical shapes. Artists used a monochromatic color scheme for these paintings. Picasso and Braque, both used the analytical style of painting. Apart from this style, Braque, Juan Gris, and Picasso also developed synthetic cubism. This was built on the art of creating compositions that focused on objects together. Besides, artists also made use of the art of mixed media. Mix media is the use of various mediums of paint used to establish a composition on one surface. Synthetic cubism is about creating flatter compositions with minimum shading as compared to analytical cubism.
Cubism basically started on a simplistic version which reached an abstract stage. Artists depicted compositions on one plane during the Renaissance period. Cubism was deemed to be a complete contrast in this regard. For example, a cubist artist may paint the surface of a person wherein the eye may be shown looking towards the viewer, however, the nose may be painted facing the side.
Guernica hung in the NYC Museum of Modern Art. In 1981, Guernica returned to Spain and was exhibited in Cason del Buen Retiro and the Prado Museum. Since 1992 it has hung in Madrid’s Reina Sofia Museum.
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This is an interesting hub about the accomplishments of Picasso. His paintings are beautiful and I did not know nearly all the particulars of his life before. Voted up and interesting.
Suzette, you really could teach art and history. You are very knowledgeable and in the leadership of what you’re writing about. I learned much I never knew about Picasso. He hasn’t been a favorite of mine though I admired his gift but now I shall seek out and read more about this artisit. Thank you, Hyph.
Hyph: Thank you for your compliments! I did teach a little art and history in my high school Spanish classes, so I am very familiar with these topics. So these are fun for me to write.
Hi Nell: You are so sweet! Picasso’s entire name is a hoot. It must have taken an entire nine months to come forward with such a name. I do know the Spanish custom is to include both maternal and father’s last names-Ruiz and Picasso, but everything in between must be every aunt, cousin, and uncle in the family-LOL.
Born in Malaga, Spain on October 25, 1881 was the first child of Jos? Ruiz y Blasco and Mara Picasso y Lapez. Named Pablo Diego Jos? Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno Marì ;a de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santì ;sima Trinidad Clito Ruiz y Picasso, it is not surprising why he chose to sign his work simply,?Picasso.? Picasso was his mother’s first name and his use of it was viewed as slight against his father. He studied primarily under his father, an established painter who, as the curator of a local museum and taught art at the School of Crafts, taught Picasso oil painting and figure drawing. Though attending various art schools throughout his childhood, he never did finish his formal academic training. Picasso’s Drawings are highly regarded for their technical ability despite this incomplete formal training. Picasso Prints and sketches are coveted as signs of his ability as a draftsman.
Picasso had quite a varied career mostly fueled by his many passions. I like him. However, I know he is not everyone’s cup of tea.
Picasso surely made a mark onto the artistic world of art history. I read that if he was distressed or upset he would paint a bull into his paintings. I admire his work a bit more as I get older.